What is justice

What is justice

Every day people, entering the direct or mediated interaction with other people, tests a set of states, emotions and feelings. Thus the majority of events and situations is given an obvious or unconscious assessment. One of criteria of similar estimates is justice. Any person uses this criterion in the everyday life, however very few people are capable to answer distinctly a question that such justice.

The sponsor of placement P&G Articles How to estimate the work at the enterprise How to issue research work How to write the analysis of a verse Within modern philosophical concepts and theories justice quite unambiguously is determined by the subject "What Is Justice" as concept about the order of things containing definitions and requirements of due compliances of ethical, moral, social and other sushchnost. The relations between specific people, groups of people, social classes, etc. can be similar sushchnost. It can be human acts, their results and requitals for perfect actions, and also different orders, traditions, approaches, methods.

Reasonable and natural compliance between sushchnost and groups of sushchnost (for example, between a measure of fault and severity of punishment, number of perfect work and payment for it) is called as justice. Unreasonable, unbalanced compliances or lack of similar compliances (impunity, a social inequality, etc.) it is perceived as injustice.

The concept of justice was allocated, created and described still by antique philosophers. The Ancient Greek and drevnevostochny philosophy puts in it the deepest sense, considering justice as reflection of the fundamental principles and laws of existence of the Universe. The modern science partly confirms it. So, the neurobiology allocates the departments of a brain which are directly responsible for emergence of sense of justice. Geneticists claim that justice is the product of evolution of the person which is one of factors of natural selection at the level of a survival of ancient communities (the tribes committed to the principles of fair existence gained more dynamic development).

According to philosophical treatment of concept of justice, it is accepted to divide it into two look. Similar division was entered by Aristotle and is used still. Leveling justice makes the demand of equivalence of measures of the sushchnost which are objects of the relations of equal individuals (for example, equivalence of cost of a subject of its real value, equivalence of payment to perfect work). Distributive justice declares the concept of reasonable proportional distribution of material resources, benefits, the rights, etc. according to any objective criteria. This type of justice demands existence of the regulator - the individual who is engaged in distribution.