Amber is one of the most ancient, used by the person, jewels. Thanks to low hardness this stone is perfectly polished and ground. Jewelry of amber is made during hundreds of thousands of years and will hardly sometime stop being fashionable and actual. However with lately even more often in products from this stone its fakes and high-quality imitations come across. It is possible to distinguish the real amber in several ways.
It is required to you
- 250 ml of water
- 10 teaspoons of table salt
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Make hydrochloric solution. For this purpose take 250 ml of water and a vsypta in it 10 teaspoons of table salt. Lower amber if it emerges on a surface in solution, so you got not a fake. Modern pitches and plastic differ from amber in higher density therefore will fall by a bottom.
Try to define authenticity of amber by a heating method. Take a small sample of a product. Place in the closed test tube and heat. At emergence of a pungent synthetic smell, know that you got plastic products. Strong aroma will specify that the goods are made of pitches. The real amber exudes a needles smell.
Sometimes upon purchase of amber products it is possible to get dug. Dug is a young amber which age is estimated not in millions, but hundreds of thousands of years. Also dug it is possible to prepare from pitch of modern trees. To distinguish dug from the real amber drip an alcohol drop on a product and apply a finger. If a surface dry – amber, sticky – dug. In the absence of alcohol use acetone: drip on a product and leave for 3 seconds. After that erase a drop if there was a spot – dug.
Use a method of statistical electricity. It is most widespread at a choice of amber products. Rub amber, it has to gain negatively loaded properties and start attracting various small slices, for example, of paper. However, many plastic possess the same properties but if the product did not "nalektrilizovatsya", it is an obvious fake.
Pay attention to inklyuziya (inclusions) in amber products in the form of plants or insects. In original amber wings of front sights are opened, and in fakes, the flies caught on an adhesive tape, already dead fill in with pitch or plastic. Ridiculously look in a product of group of insects who simply could not get to it, either on habitat, or on age.