What is the periods

What is the periods

All world religions consider that the woman – is dirty at this time. Islam forbids in it time to the husband to touch the wife, the orthodox church does not allow the woman these days an entrance to the temple and commission of sacraments. And how many signs and prejudices arose for centuries of existence of mankind. Still in Russia it is considered that these days the hostess should not be engaged in preparations for the winter: everything, rolled up in banks, will grow mouldy or will turn sour. It everything about it, about periods.

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The ambiguous relation to periods is quite explainable. Emergence of menstrual allocations testifies to occurrence of reproductive age of the woman. And to motherhood at all times the relation at all without exception of religions the special.

The encyclopedia defines periods as rejection of the reinforced mucous layer of a uterus called endometriy, and the allocation from a blood uterus happening cyclically at women.

The term "periods" is inseparable from the term "ovulation". Actually the periods as allocation of bloody allocations are final action of a menstrual cycle. And, above all action is an ovulation, maturing and an exit of an ovum from an ovary.

During maturing of an ovum in an organism of the woman the hormonal background changes, the body of the woman prepares for possible approach of pregnancy. Endometry covering a uterus becomes more friable, is sated with blood. Thanks to it, the impregnated ovum will be able easily to be fixed in a uterus and to start developing.

The uterus is in such state only 12-14 days, and then if fertilization did not happen, the level of hormones again changes, and the organism tears away part of the expanded mucous. This process is called as periods. The beginning of menstrual bleeding testifies to the beginning of a new cycle.

The usual duration of periods differs at different women. Normal it is considered bleeding duration from 3 to 7 days. For this period the woman loses on average to 250 ml of blood. Sometimes at menstrual allocations there are mucous clots, it is one of norm options. Often menstrual bleeding is followed by "botched work" - the insignificant smearing allocations in one-two days prior to or after the periods. However "botched work" within several days after bleeding can testify to certain gynecologic problems, and it is worth reporting about it to the gynecologist.

The word "periods" has a Latin root of "mensis" - month. But opinion that the periods occur monthly – it is incorrect. Duration of a menstrual cycle at different women – different also makes from 21 to 32 days. As a rule, shorter cycle happens at young girls, at the very beginning of reproductive age. Gradually duration of a cycle changes. Gynecologists consider average duration to equal 28 days.

Existence of periods not always testifies to fertility of the woman as the ovum can have various deviations in the development: to be unripe, to have any defects or not to leave a follicle at all. But thus the organism all the same will regularly prepare for possible approach of pregnancy.

Any strangenesses in course of periods: in the bottom of a stomach - an occasion inspection is obligatory to take place too plentiful or too poor allocations, an irregularity, severe pains. The disease recovers at early stages better.

As a rule, the first periods come at girls at the age of 11-13 years. Lately the lower threshold of reproductive age decreased. In the last quarter of the last century the age of 13-15 years was considered as average age of the beginning of periods.

11 the hypophysis is responsible For normal course of a menstrual cycle, all hormonal settings of a female organism are very sensitive to external irritants. The strong nervous shock or physical activities can become the reason of hormonal failures in an organism. In this case periods can not come in general. Then gradually, with restoration of level of hormones, also the menstrual cycle is restored.

12 Attenuation of reproductive functions in an organism of women is connected with reduction of development of an estrogen. During this period the menstrual cycle again can become irregular, and periods – poor or, on the contrary, plentiful. This time of hormonal reorganization is called "climax". Gradually periods stop absolutely. The earliest approach of a climax at women was noted at the age of 35-38 years. More natural it is considered the termination of menstrual bleedings at the age of 50-55 years.