The real matches which are lit by friction, arose only in 1831. The 19-iletny chemist from France Charles Soria invented them. He was born 13.04.1812 in the village Seong-Lothaire. His father, the retired general, prepared for the son military career, but in 12 years he strongly hurt and about any military service there could not be also a speech.
The simple experience made at school by the teacher of chemistry was the first impulse for the invention of matches. It mixed sulfur and I bertoletovoit salt, and struck with a hammer on mix. There was very powerful explosion. "If still to add phosphorus to such mix, - Charles counted, - that even from its friction will appear a flame".